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  Report: Copyright

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 WORLD-INFOSTRUCTURE > COPYRIGHT > LEGAL PROTECTION: TRIPS ...
  Legal Protection: TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)


Another important multilateral treaty concerned with intellectual property rights is the TRIPS agreement, which was devised at the inauguration of the Uruguay Round negotiations of the WTO in January 1995. It sets minimum standards for the national protection of intellectual property rights and procedures as well as remedies for their enforcement (enforcement measures include the potential for trade sanctions against non-complying WTO members). The TRIPS agreement has been widely criticized for its stipulation that biological organisms be subject to intellectual property protection. In 1999, 44 nations considered it appropriate to treat plant varieties as intellectual property.

The complete TRIPS agreement can be found on: http://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/trips_e/t_agm1_e.htm




browse Report:
Copyright
    Intellectual Property and the "Information Society" Metaphor
 ...
-3   Legal Protection: National Legislation
-2   Legal Protection: Multilateral Agreements
-1   Legal Protection: WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)
0   Legal Protection: TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights)
+1   Legal Protection: European Union
+2   The Copyright Industry
+3   The Piracy "Industry"
     ...
Recent "Digital Copyright" Legislation: European Union
 INDEX CARD     RESEARCH MATRIX 
Intellectual property
Intellectual property, very generally, relates to the output that result from intellectual activity in the industrial, scientific, literary and artistic fields. Traditionally intellectual property is divided into two branches: 1) industrial property (inventions, marks, industrial designs, unfair competition and geographical indications), and 2) copyright. The protection of intellectual property is guaranteed through a variety of laws, which grant the creators of intellectual goods, and services certain time-limited rights to control the use made of their products.