Text blocks:

  Index cards


  Basics: Protected Persons

Generally copyright vests in the author of the work. Certain national laws provide for exceptions and, for example, regard the employer as the original owner of a copyright if the author was, when the work was created, an employee and employed for the purpose of creating that work. In the case of some types of creations, particularly audiovisual works, several national laws provide for different solutions to the question that should be the first holder of copyright in such works.

Many countries allow copyright to be assigned, which means that the owner of the copyright transfers it to another person or entity, which then becomes its holder. When the national law does not permit assignment it usually provides the possibility to license the work to someone else. Then the owner of the copyright remains the holder, but authorizes another person or entity to exercise all or some of his rights subject to possible limitations. Yet in any case the "moral rights" always belong to the author of the work, whoever may be the owner of the copyright (and therefore of the "economic rights").

browse Report:
    Intellectual Property and the "Information Society" Metaphor
-3   Basics: Introduction
-2   Basics: Rights Recognized
-1   Basics: Protected Works
0   Basics: Protected Persons
+1   Basics: Acquisition of Copyright
+2   Basics: Limitations
+3   Basics: Infringement and Fair Use
Recent "Digital Copyright" Legislation: European Union