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  Report: Copyright

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  Challenges for Copyright by ICT: Copyright Owners


The main concern of copyright owners as the (in terms of income generation) profiteers of intellectual property protection is the facilitation of pirate activities in digital environments.

Reproduction and Distribution

Unlike copies of works made using analog copiers (photocopy machines, video recorders etc.) digital information can be reproduced extremely fast, at low cost and without any loss in quality. Since each copy is a perfect copy, no quality-related limits inhibit pirates from making as many copies as they please, and recipients of these copies have no incentive to return to authorized sources to get another qualitatively equal product. Additionally the costs of making one extra copy of intellectual property online are insignificant, as are the distribution costs if the copy is moved to the end user over the Internet.

Control and Manipulation

In cross-border, global data networks it is almost impossible to control the exploitation of protected works. Particularly the use of anonymous remailers and other existing technologies complicates the persecution of pirates. Also digital files are especially vulnerable to manipulation, of the work itself, and of the (in some cases) therein-embedded copyright management information.




browse Report:
Copyright
    Intellectual Property and the "Information Society" Metaphor
 ...
-3   The Copyright Industry
-2   The Piracy "Industry"
-1   Challenges for Copyright by ICT: Introduction
0   Challenges for Copyright by ICT: Copyright Owners
+1   Challenges for Copyright by ICT: Internet Service Providers
+2   Challenges for Copyright by ICT: Digital Content Providers
+3   Linking and Framing: Cases
     ...
Recent "Digital Copyright" Legislation: European Union
 INDEX CARD     RESEARCH MATRIX 
Copyright management information
Copyright management information refers to information which identifies a work, the author of a work, the owner of any right in a work, or information about the terms and conditions of the use of a work, and any numbers or codes that represent such information, when any of these items of information are attached to a copy of a work or appear in connection with the communication of a work to the public.