Report: Slave and Expert Systems

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  1960s - 1970s: Expert Systems Gain Attendance

The concept of expert systems dates back to the 1960s but first gained prominence in the 1970s. Conclusive for this development were the insights of the Stanford University professor Edward Feigenbaum, who in 1977 demonstrated that the problem-solving capacity of a computer program rather is a result of the knowledge it posses, than of the applied programming techniques and formalisms.

Expert systems were designed to mimic the knowledge and reasoning capabilities of a human specialist in a given domain by using (top down) artificial intelligence techniques. Made possible by the large storage capacity of the computers at the time, expert systems had the potential to interpret statistics and formulate rules. An initial use of expert systems was to diagnose and treat human physical disorders, but as its applications in the market place were extensive over the course of the following years they were also employed in fields such as stock market forecast, taxation, chemistry, and geology.

browse Report:
Slave and Expert Systems
    Introduction: The Substitution of Human Faculties with Technology: Early Tools
-3   1961: Installation of the First Industrial Robot
-2   Late 1960s - Early 1970s: Third Generation Computers
-1   1960s - 1970s: Increased Research in Artificial Intelligence (AI)
0   1960s - 1970s: Expert Systems Gain Attendance
+1   1970s: Computer-Integrated Manufacturing (CIM)
+2   Late 1970s - Present: Fourth Generation Computers
+3   1980s: Artificial Intelligence (AI) - From Lab to Life