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  Report: Slave and Expert Systems

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  1950: The Turing Test

Alan Turing, an English mathematician and logician, advocated the theory that eventually computers could be created that would be capable of human thought. To cut through the long philosophical debate about exactly how to define thinking he proposed the "imitation game" (1950), now known as Turing test. His test consisted of a person asking questions via keyboard to both a person and an intelligent machine within a fixed time frame. After a series of tests the computers success at "thinking" could be measured by its probability of being misidentified as the human subject. Still today Turing's papers on the subject are widely acknowledged as the foundation of research in artificial intelligence.

browse Report:
Slave and Expert Systems
    Introduction: The Substitution of Human Faculties with Technology: Early Tools
-3   The 19th Century: First Programmable Computing Devices
-2   1913: Henry Ford and the Assembly Line
-1   1940s - Early 1950s: First Generation Computers
0   1950: The Turing Test
+1   1940s - 1950s: The Development of Early Robotics Technology
+2   1950s: The Beginnings of Artificial Intelligence (AI) Research
+3   Late 1950s - Early 1960s: Second Generation Computers
1980s: Artificial Intelligence (AI) - From Lab to Life