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  The Role of the Media

To be able to participate in community life and make political choices citizens heavily rely on information. They need to know what is going on and the options that they should weigh, debate and act upon. An essential element for a functioning public sphere therefore is information.

Whereas formerly communication mostly happened on a face-to-face basis in large and complex societies (mass) media have evolved as the principal source of information. They act as a transport medium for the information necessary for a citizen's participation in the public sphere. Ideally there should be a wide range of media, that represent the diverse opinions and viewpoints on issues of public interest existent in a society and which are independent of the state and society's dominant economic forces.

browse Report:
Independent content
-1   The Concept of the Public Sphere
0   The Role of the Media
+1   Media Control and the Influence of Public Discourse
+2   Content Choice and Selective Reporting
+3   The Cassini Case
Pressures and Attacks against Independent Content Providers: Pakistan